What Is Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a branch of computer science, which is developing machines that can think and act like humans. For example, speech recognition, problem-solving and learning, and planning. It is the intelligence displayed by machines as opposed to the natural intelligence displayed by humans and animals.
Through this, there is a plan to create such a computer-controlled robot or software that can think as the human mind thinks. Artificial intelligence is constantly being prepared to make it perfect. In its training, it is taught experience from machines, is prepared to keep pace with new inputs and perform human-like tasks.
Overall Artificial Intelligence is an interdisciplinary concept. Through which such machines are being made, which can interact with their environment and work wisely on the received data. That is, if the AI concept gets stronger in the future, it will be like our friend. If you have any problem, then you will tell yourself what to do for it. Basically Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the ability to think and learn about a machine or computer program. This concept is based on the idea that machines should be made so capable that they can think, act and learn about a problem like humans themselves.
Example of Artificial Intelligence
Today AI is a very popular topic, which has a lot of discussion in the fields of technology and business. Many experts and industry analysts believe that AI or machine learning is our future. But if we look around us, we will find that it is not our future but the present. With the development of technology, today we are connected with Artificial Intelligence in some way and are also taking advantage of it. Yes, it is a matter of fact that AI technology is in its first phase. Recently many companies have invested a lot on machine learning. Due to which many AI products and apps are available to us. So let us now give you some such AI examples used today, so that you will be able to understand more clearly what is Artificial Intelligence.
You might have heard about Siri, it is the most popular personal assistant offered by Apple. However, it is available only on iPhone and iPad. This is the best example of AI, by this, you can just say Hey Siri and it can send a massage for you, can find information from the internet, can make a voice call, can open any application even timer set and Can help you in things like adding an event to the calendar.
Siri uses machine learning technology to understand your language and questions. It is the most favorable voice-activated computer. Devices related to this are Alexa and Google Assistant too. Which are used for similar work.
Not only Smartphones but also Automobiles are moving towards Artificial Intelligence. If you are a car geek, then you would know about tesla. It is one of the best automobiles available so far. Features like not only self-driving but also productive capabilities and complete technological innovation are available in tesla car. Do not know how much self-driving car is being made, which will become smarter in the coming times.
However, Google uses AI in many areas. But AI technology has been put to good use in Google map. With AI enabled mapping giant’s technology scans road information to tell us the path to any place and tells us the correct route using algorithms.
Right now Google has plans to further enhance the artificial intelligence in its google map by implementing its voice assistant and creating augmented reality maps in real time.
Nest was one of the most famous and Artificial intelligence start-up and was bought by Google in 2014. Nest learning thermostat saves energy depending on your behavior and schedule. It uses a behavioral algorithm to do this. It is such an intelligent machine, that it detects the useful temperature for you in just one week. If there is no one in the house, it automatically turns off to save energy.
Echo was launched by Amazon. This is a revolutionary product that can answer your questions, read the audiobook for you, can tell you traffic and weather report, provide information about local businesses and also provide sports score and schedule. Echo is also undergoing major changes, adding new features. Hopefully, the time to come will make Echo even smarter.
History of Artificial Intelligence
1950 was the year when Artificial intelligence research started. Research in the field of AI started with the development of electronic computer and Stored program computer. Even after this, for many decades, no link was able to make a computer think or function as a human mind. Later, a discovery that greatly accelerated the early development of AI was made by Norbert Wiener. He proved that all the intelligent behavior of humans is the result of a feedback mechanism. Another step in the direction of modern AI was when Logic Theorist was created. Designed by Newell and Simon in 1955, it could be considered the first AI program.
Father of Artificial Intelligence (AI)
After many types of research, the person who finally laid the foundation of Artificial intelligence was John McCarthy, the father of AI. He was an American scientist and cognitive scientist. In 1956, he organized a conference “The Dartmouth summer research project on artificial intelligence” to further develop AI. In which all those people who were interested in machine intelligence could participate. The purpose of this conference was to attract the talent and expertise of interested people to help McCarthy in this task. In later years AI research centres were formed at Carnegie Mellon University as well as the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Along with this, AI also faced many challenges. The first challenge he faced was to build a system that could solve a problem efficiently with very little research. The second challenge is building systems that can learn a task by themselves.
The first breakthrough in the field of artificial intelligence came when a novel program called General Problem solver was created by Newell and Simon in 1957. This was an extension of Wiener’s feedback theory. Through this, problems of general knowledge could be solved as much as possible. The LSIP language was created in 1958 by John McCarthy in AI History. It was soon adopted by many AI researchers and is still in use today.
As we know, AI is the most powerful and fast-growing technology in the whole world. AI is a type of Artificial Consciousness that works at the instruction of a human being. Even though Artificial intelligence has been developed by humans, but there is no doubt that AI works more efficiently, better and at a lower cost than humans. That is why AI is being used in many business industries fields. AI has come in our daily life to some extent, but the day is not far when we will start using this technology fully.
So it is true that AI has a very bright future all over the world. Much of the work and many areas in the future will depend on AI. Along with this, it is also being speculated that it can have a very bad effect on the lives of humans. So, now let us tell you some of the goals of AI, by achieving this AI technology will reach us soon.
Increase decision making power
The first goal of AI is to create a thinking, machine-like humans. Who can solve any human problem with a decision by himself. AI has also achieved some achievements in this direction. Recently a Female AI Robot (Sophia) was created. It has decision making power to some extent and it can easily answer any of your questions. You will also see some similar AI concept in smart device like Google home, Siri, Alexa etc.
We humans are too lazy to do any work, due to which we spend a lot of time to complete our tasks and there are more mistakes in them. Given this habit of humans, AI researches are working very fast in this direction. Their basic objective is to make AI so that it can do any task quickly with minimum fault.
Obviously, AI can work much faster than humans. Because it is a type of machine, so it never gets tired of working and like us never breaks. Looking at this topic, many such AI machines are being made, which will soon replace humans.
What are artificial techniques
AI technique is a method that uses derived knowledge. So that it can be modified to correct the errors. AI technique is an advanced model of a statistical and mathematical model. These models make it possible for a computer or machine to calculate the tasks that are performed by humans.
Artificial Natural Network.
Markov Decision process.
Natural language processing
Types of artificial intelligence
In this era of technology, Artificial intelligence has started to dominate all industries and many fields. The biggest reason for this is that machines work more effectively than humans. So, the day is not far when robots will dominate our world like any Hollywood movies. AI or what we also call machine learning is divided into two main parts.
Weak intelligence or Weak AI, also known as Narrow AI, focuses solely on the functions of the Narrow task. Weak AI is meant to meet a specific problem as opposed to a strong AI or general artificial intelligence. This machine is not very smart in doing its work. But they are made to look smart. For example, when you play Computer Mode in Ludo Game, tokens automatically increase by one side. To do this, all the rules and moves are already fed into the software.
Strong intelligence or Strong AI is used to describe a certain mindset of AI development. The goal of this is to develop Artificial intelligence at the point where the Intellectual Capability of machines is functionally equal to humans. Strong AI makes machines that can actually think and act like humans. There are no appropriate examples of this at present, but some industries have come very close to building a strong AI.
These machines are very basic because it does not store memory and cannot even use their past experience to do any task in the future. The reactive machine reacts on it just by looking at it. IBM’s deep blue who defeated the chess grandmaster Kasparov is a good example.
This is such artificial intelligence, which has its own conscious, self-awareness and superintelligence. In simple words, you can also call it a kind of human. But this kind of bot is not available yet. If this is possible in the future, it will be a big achievement for AI.
These are AI systems that can use past experience to inform future decisions. Some decision-making functions have been designed in self-driving cars.
Theory of Mind
This type of AI machine is enabled to communicate people’s emotions, beliefs, thoughts, expectations and socially. Although a lot of experiments have been done in this field, but no such thing has come out so that it can be possible.
Application of AI
AI is important because it can help solve difficult issues in various industries such as recreation, education, health, commerce, transportation and utilities. AI application can be divided into five categories.
Knowledge – The ability to present information about the world. Such as financial market trading, purchase forecasting, fraud prevention, drug manufacturing, medical diagnosis, media recommendation, etc.
Reasoning – The ability to solve problems through logic deduction. Such as financial asset management, legal assessment, financial application processing, autonomous weapons system, sports etc.
Communication – The ability to understand spoken and written language. Such as real-time translation of spoken and written languages, real-time transcription, intelligent assistant, voice control, etc.
Planning – The ability to set and achieve goals. Such as inventory management, part forecasting, predictive maintenance, physical and digital network optimization, navigation etc.
Perception – The ability to infer things about the world through sounds, pictures and other sensory inputs. Such as medical diagnosis, autonomous vehicles, surveillance, etc.
Difference between Artificial Intelligence and Human Intelligence
To understand the difference or difference between AI and Human intelligence, first we need to know what intelligence is. If we give a short definition, then our intelligence or intelligence has the ability to get information, the ability to learn from experience, to understand and think in a manner. Due to its natural behaviour, it gathers intellectual cognitive functions like perception, memory, language and planning. So, let’s study the differences between Artificial intelligence and Human intelligence in detail.
Human intelligence is defined as the quality of mind. It has the ability to take experience from past experience, the power to adapt to the situation, deal with thoughts and use oneself to get out of the situation. The energy efficiency of human intelligence is about 25 watts. Man learns to manage hundreds of skills from his life. Humans have the ability to take decisions from experienced scenarios. Human brain is analog.
The field of AI is focused in designing machines that can mimic human behaviour. Robots use instructions designed by scientists. AI is studied and designed by intelligent agent. AI research uses tools and insights from many fields. It also overlaps for functions such as robotics central system. The energy efficiency of AI is 2 watts in a modern machine or learning machine. On every responsibility to the system
So overall AI expert believes that AI will be able to do anything in future. It will be able to do any work better than humans. So, let’s see how much this affects human life in the coming times.
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